Unveiling the Unsettling Trends: Canada's Housing Market Navigates Challenges Amidst Interest Rate Hikes

The decline in Canada's housing market deepened in November, exacerbated by the cumulative impact of interest rate hikes affecting both buyers and sellers.

Recent data from the Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA) reveals a 0.9% month-over-month decrease in sales and a 1.1% drop in the MLS Home Price Index (HPI) for November.

Since the resumption of interest rate hikes by the Bank of Canada in June, sales have plummeted by nearly 13%, essentially erasing the rebound observed in the spring. Prices have experienced a continuous decline for three consecutive months, with November witnessing the most substantial drop in almost a year.

At a regional level, the MLS HPI recorded monthly declines of 1.7% in Ontario, 2% in Nova Scotia (the first decline since March), 0.9% in Manitoba, and 0.4% in British Columbia. Meanwhile, previous price gains have leveled off in Quebec and New Brunswick.

According to RBC's Robert Hogue, Assistant Chief Economist, and Rachel Battaglia, Economist, most major markets are now in a "correction mode." The anticipation is that persistently high interest rates will continue to suppress demand in the coming months, leading to further price reductions in the new year.

Even in Calgary, where prices increased by 1.2% on a monthly basis in November, analysts, including RBC, believe it is only a matter of time before softer market sentiments rein in those gains.

Economists like Robert Kavcic from BMO and Marc Desormeaux from Desjardins expect further price declines, noting that conditions in major markets are shifting in favor of buyers. However, Farah Omran, Senior Economist at Scotiabank, highlights that many potential buyers are looking ahead to 2024, anticipating interest rate cuts that may offset any short-term price declines.

Despite the caution observed in 2023, economists maintain their belief that the Bank of Canada will initiate interest rate cuts in 2024. They argue that the housing market and the broader Canadian economy are facing weakening conditions due to high interest rates, and with notable progress in reducing inflation, a shift toward rate cuts is anticipated by mid-next year.

If you have any questions or inquiries about the current real estate market, don't hesitate to reach out to us. We would be more than happy to provide insights and assistance. Feel free to send us an email at or give us a call at 647 951 0850 for personalized guidance.


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November 2023 Market Stats - Frosty Real Estate: November Chill Drains GTA Home Sales

As the temperatures dropped, the Greater Toronto Area witnessed another month of declining home sales in November, as reported by the latest data from the Toronto Regional Real Estate Board (TRREB).

Last month, the GTA recorded 4,236 home sales, indicating an 8.8% decrease from October and a 6% dip compared to November 2022. When adjusted for seasonal variations, which typically lead to reduced activity in winter, the sales numbers showed a slight improvement from October, according to TRREB.

Throughout the year, factors such as high borrowing costs, economic uncertainty, and a persistent lack of affordability have hampered home sales, prompting prospective buyers to postpone their purchases until it makes more financial sense.

"Inflation and elevated borrowing costs have impacted affordability significantly," noted TRREB President Paul Baron. "Nowhere is this more evident than in the interest rate-sensitive housing market."

As sales declined, so did prices, with the average home price in the GTA dropping by 3.9% month over month to a new average of $1,082,179. This aligns with the average price observed in November 2022, showing minimal additional value gains for many homes over the past year. In Toronto, Ontario's busiest market, home prices fell by 6.8% month over month, accompanied by a 12.5% reduction in sales. The most substantial change was observed in Toronto's detached homes, where sales plummeted by 21.3%, and the average price decreased by over $100,000 to $1,617,918, down from $1,718,440.

"Home prices have adjusted in response to higher borrowing costs," explained TRREB Chief Market Analyst Jason Mercer. "This has provided some relief for buyers from an affordability perspective. As mortgage rates trend lower next year and the population continues to grow at a record pace, expect demand to increase relative to supply, leading to renewed growth in home prices."

Despite the overall decline, certain areas experienced minimal fluctuations in demand month over month. Halton Region, for instance, maintained nearly the same number of sales (increasing by only three), while its average price climbed by several thousand dollars to $1,208,950. Oakville, in particular, witnessed an average price rise from $1,395,752 to $1,572,012—a gain of nearly $200,000.

For those ready to make a home purchase now, there is a noticeable increase in the number of homes available compared to last year. Inventory levels received a substantial boost in November, with 10,545 new listings entering the market, bringing the total number of active listings to 16,759—a 40.7% surge from November 2022. However, with demand simmering below the surface among potential homeowners, TRREB CEO John DiMichele is urging governments to take more action, anticipating a growing housing demand "for years to come."

"We have seen some productive policy decisions recently that should help with housing affordability, including allowing existing insured mortgage holders to switch lenders without the stress test," said DiMichele. "Additionally, in the interest of household and economic stability, we continue to call on the Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions to apply the same approach to uninsured mortgages. It also goes without saying that further policy work is required to bring more supply online."


Navigating the Economic Crossroads: Decoding Canada's Inflation Dip and the Bank of Canada's Next Move


The recently released October Consumer Price Index (CPI) report for Canada has taken analysts by surprise, revealing milder inflation than expected at 3.1% year-on-year. This blog post delves into the key findings and implications of the report, highlighting critical factors shaping the economic outlook.

A Closer Look at Canada's Economic Landscape

The October Consumer Price Index (CPI) reading turned out to be milder than anticipated, coming in at just 3.1% year-on-year (as opposed to the expected 3.2%). Notably, the headline index experienced a 0.1% month-on-month decline on a seasonally adjusted basis, marking the first monthly decrease since the onset of the pandemic in early 2020.

The primary factor contributing to the monthly decline was a 6% drop in gasoline prices. However, even when excluding this factor and examining core inflation, which the Bank of Canada closely monitors, there was a significant deceleration from 4.0% to 3.8%. With inflation falling, coupled with a softening labor market (a 0.7% rise in the unemployment rate over the past 6 months) and a weakening economic growth forecast (Q3 expected to be flat), it is highly probable that the Bank of Canada will maintain its current stance.

In fact, markets are currently factoring in a pause from the Bank of Canada only until the April meeting next year, before potential rate cuts commence. This is a notable shift, as earlier in the month, markets were not anticipating the first cut until the latter half of the following year. It would require substantial changes for the Bank of Canada to shift from its current "pause" mode, as the data does not support future interest rate hikes.

Governor Macklem emphasized the effectiveness of the current monetary policy in a recent speech, stating that interest rates may now be sufficiently restrictive to restore price stability. Despite such assertions, there is skepticism given the governor's past statements and the unpredictable nature of economic forecasting. The current outlook suggests that interest rates will remain low unless there are significant and unforeseen changes.

The pressing question now is when the Bank of Canada will decide to cut rates. As mentioned in the previous month's analysis, a crucial factor is the decline in inflation expectations, (to know more from the BoC click the link here). Until these expectations decrease to at least 3%, rate cuts are highly unlikely. Additionally, the Bank of Canada faces a dilemma, as cutting rates too aggressively compared to the Federal Reserve could impact the Canadian dollar and potentially lead to increased inflation through more expensive imports.

This situation is further complicated by the resilient nature of the U.S. consumer, who shows no signs of slowing down, benefiting from locked-in low rates for 30 years and lower overall debt burdens compared to Canadians. Ultimately, the actions of U.S. consumers may play a significant role in determining Canadian interest rates, irrespective of the state of the domestic economy—a somewhat unsettling prospect.